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Get To Know Your Limestone Floor

By KleanSTONE | Feb 5th, 2019 | 0 Comments

An important part of caring and maintaining for your limestone floor is to know all there is to know about it. Understanding the composition of your limestone floor will give you the knowledge you need to pick the products required to care for it.



What is Limestone?

Limestone is a sedimentary rock that commonly forms on the ocean floor. There are different types of limestones that are dependant on where they are formed. Organic limestone is formed in marine waters and is made up of organic material and calcium carbide. The animals on the seafloor extract the calcium carbonate into their shells and when they die their shell and skeletal debris mix with the ocean floor to form a limestone mud. This then compacts over time as more layers build on top of it. This squeezes out the water and forms it into solid rock. In many types of limestone, you can literally see the fossilised debris of sea creatures in the stone.


Limestone - Sea Floor Limestone - Fossil Limestone Floor - KleanSTONE


Chemical Limestones are formed in lakes, ocean waters or rivers using chemical precipitation. Detrital Limestones are formed using pre-existing limestone segment from the shore that has eroded back into the sea and travelled back to the sea bed.


Varieties of Limestone


Fine in texture, chalk will usually be white or light in colour. This is an organic limestone with a high calcium carbonate content.

Coquina Limestone

Coquina is poorly cemented as it is predominantly formed from broken shell debris on beaches.

Fossiliferous Limestone

This is an organic limestone that contains obvious fossils from sea life.

Lithographic Limestone

This is a denser limestone that is formed with finer grains that will form a smoother surface.

Oolitic Limestone

This is made up of lots of calcium carbonite oolites (small spheres) that form during the chemical precipitation process.


Travertine is formed by the evaporation process which often occurs in caves and freshwater areas.

Tufa Limestone

Tufa is formed in hot springs or lake shores.


Limestone Floor - Limestone Floor Tiles - KleanSTONE


Uses for Limestone

Limestone is incredibly diverse and is thus forth used in a variety of different ways across the world. Here are just a few:

  • Crushed up and used as a construction material
  • Used as a road base
  • An aggregate used for concrete
  • Mixed with crushed shale and fired to make cement
  • Architecture
  • Limestone floor tiles
  • Stair Treads
  • Window sills
  • Crushed and used as a weather resistant coating on roofs
  • Used in smelting and other metal refining processes
  • Crushed to sand size and used to treat/neutralise acidic soil
  • Animal feed filler due to its high calcium content
  • Mine safety dust




Your Limestone Floor

The natural composition, texture and colouring in limestone make it an incredibly popular choice for flooring in the home. Limestone floor tiles come in a range of fabulous finishes from the tactile and rustic tumbled finish to the smooth honed look.

Limestone when properly maintained is long-lasting, hardwearing and low maintenance. However, limestone is a very porous stone which means it will soak up water and stains very easily, which, over time, will damage the stone. To avoid this you need to seal your limestone floor with an impregnating sealer. The sealer will penetrate beneath the surface of the stone to fill the pours and create a seal to block any other liquid or stains getting through. The sealing process will need to be repeated every 2 – 3 years to ensure your limestone floor stays as strong as possible.

Due to the calcium content of limestone, it will react with anything acidic, such as vinegar or citrus juice. Luckily, sealing your limestone floor will help to protect it from this, but you should be sure to avoid any cleaners that contain these in them. Luckily, KleanSTONE’s Detergon R3 stone floor cleaner is pH neutral as it contains no acid and is, therefore, safe to use on your limestone floor every day. Detergon R3 is also safe for any delicate pet paws that walk over your floors, for more information on this read our blog KleanSTONE, The Pet Safe Floor Cleaner.

KleanSTONE floor cleaning machines are ideal to clean your limestone floor as it sucks up excess water during the cleaning process which avoids any pooling water that could penetrate your limestone floor if it is not sealed to its maximum. The scrubbing brushes get into all the intricate rivets of the limestone floor to give it a full, thorough clean and the powerful suction completely removes all the dirt, leaving your floor looking as good as the day you laid it.


KleanSTONE, The Perfect Clean For Your Limestone Floor

Gleaming floors inspire confidence and style in any setting, whether domestic or commercial. Here at KleanSTONE, we supply advanced floor cleaning solutions to help you achieve a spotlessly clean, perfectly finished floor without the elbow grease. Our stone floor cleaners tackle spills, stains and everyday grime with ease for a healthier, happier home or work environment.

Our products extend the lifespan of your flooring with powerful, effective cleaning that is gentle enough to use every day and perfect for floors in your home or business, inside and out.

Aside from offering a range of products for stone floor cleaning, we love to share our knowledge and experience from our years helping customers succeed at extending the lifespan of your floors. Read more on the KleanSTONE Blog, explore our Help & Guides or download our range of Cleaning Guides and learn more about how to care for your natural and engineered stone floors so that they last a lifetime!


Further Reading on the KleanSTONE Blog:



Everyday Clean

KleanSTONE, The Pet Safe Floor Cleaner


Understanding Stone Floor Porosity

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